Western Rhodes

Posted By on September 19, 2015

In the 4th century BC Antique Rhodes reached its highest point its peak. Advantage of the weakening of Egypt, Rhodes took the lead in trade. In addition, the islanders have actively fought against the pirates, thus earning the universal respect. The economic recovery of the island led to the flourishing of arts and sciences. Island visited by artists and philosophers, and Rhodes was one of the most important cultural centers in the eastern Mediterranean region. The power of Rhodes ended with the advent of the Greek world of Rome. Rhodians and then tried to preserve their neutrality and to maintain friendly relations with the Romans.

However benevolent the position taken by the inhabitants of Rhodes in relation to Macedonian king Perseus in the war between Rome and Macedonia, was the reason that Rome made his kick and Rhodes. Not military, but economic. In 166 BC Romans announced another Greek island of Delos a free trade zone. This fact had disastrous consequences for the welfare of Rhodes. And in 42 BC during the civil wars of Rome, Cassius finally conquered the island, since the inhabitants of Rhodes did not want to help him against his opponents. Cassius plundered the island. He took from his fleet of Rhodes, plundered churches, and many people sold into slavery.

In 279 the Roman emperor Diocletian Rhodes combined with other islands of the Aegean Sea and made the city the capital of This new province. After the partition of the Roman Empire into Eastern and Western parts, Rhodes went into the Byzantine Empire. For ages 5 and 6, Rhodes repeatedly subjected to invasions by the enemies of Byzantium and the significant destruction. In 620 Rhodes was robbed the king of the Persians Khusraw II, and in 653 the Arabs of Moab, which are dismantled for parts and removed the remains of the Colossus.

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